‘Full Form Of Computer’ – All Basic Full Forms Regarding Computer

What is the full form of computer? By the end of this article, you will understand the basic full forms which are used in computer terminology. Also, you will gain some important information that not everyone knows.

So, in order to understand what is the full form of a computer we should first know what is a computer?

What is a Computer?

A computer is simply a device that has the capability to take instructions and give outputs.

So, we simply need to provide input about what we want and it will generate an output for that.

What is a computer?
Image of a computer

We can use computers to connect to the internet and also we can use them to connect with different devices.

Now that we know what is the basic function of a computer let’s move to its full form.

What is the Full Form of Computer?

So, we have understood what is the computer and what it does.

Here, we will discuss the full form of computer.

Eventually, there can be many full forms of a computer but I will talk about most used one.

So, the full form of computer is Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used for Technical and Educational Research.

If you still not understood it then I’ll simply give a more simplified form of this.

  • C – Commonly
  • O – Operated
  • M – Machine
  • P – Particularly
  • U – Used For
  • T – Technical
  • E – and Educational
  • R – Research
Full form of computer
Image describing the full form of a computer

What are the Components of a Computer?

As we have read above that a computer takes in data and provides the output. Here, the computer processes data with the help of Hardware and Software.

The computer is used to perform some operations which can be arithmetical or logical. To do so, it contains a unit called the Arithmetic and Logic Unit coined as ALU.

A computer is basically based on the form of technology with its use. Like, as an example we can say that there can be many representations of a computer. These can be Super Computers, Laptops, Palmtops, Tablets, etc.

Simply, a computer is a device that requires both Software and Hardware as its components. There needs to be a balance maintained as it cannot function without any of the two.

Same as in the case of a mobile we need applications, here we need Hardware and Software.

Hardware and Software Examples
Image describes various hardware and software examples

The choice of any Hardware or Software depends on the user as to what he wants for himself. These consists of the components that will benefit him.

Further, we will be understanding what basic parts come under Hardware and Software.

Components of a Computer – Hardware (Internal and External)

Here, we will be discussing the parts of a computer that are included in Hardware.

So, according to our discussion we have divided the parts as Hardware and Software.

Firstly, we will discuss what is hardware of a computer?

So, Computer Hardware is basically those parts that a normal person can see, touch, or feel. These can be divided into two parts which are Internal and External.

Hardware Examples
Image describing examples of hardware

First of all, let’s look at some of the main internal parts of a computer.

  • Motherboard
  • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
  • Graphics Processing Unit (GPU)
  • Random Access Memory (RAM)
  • Storage Drives (SDD and HDD)

Now let’s look at some of the main external parts of a computer.

  • Monitor
  • Keyboard
  • Mouse
  • Printer
  • Speaker

Components of a Computer – Software

Here, we will be discussing the parts of a computer that are included in the Software.

Till now, we have discussed the Hardware parts that are required in a computer.

Now secondly, we will discuss what is software of a computer?

Software Examples
Image describing the examples of a software

So, the software is basically a combination of instructions or programs which we use to obtain an output.

Now let’s look at some of the examples of Software that are mostly used.

  • Operating System (Windows, Linux, macOS, etc.)
  • Microsoft Office (Powerpoint, Word, Excel, etc.)
  • Movie Players ( VLC, Windows Media Player, etc.)
  • Internet Browser ( Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, etc.)
  • Adobe Photoshop

What are the Generations of a Computer?

Eventually, there have been many changes in the Generations of a Computer. This is because of the regular changes in technologies.

So, here we will give a brief about the generations of a computer.

  • First Generation (1940-1956) – Vacuum Tubes: Firstly, Vacuum Tubes were used and the first computer was called ENIAC.
  • Second Generation (1956-1963) – Transistors: Secondly, transistors were used in place of vacuums.
  • Third Generation (1964-1971) – Integrated Circuits: Thirdly, IC’s were used in place of transistors which reduced the size of the computer.
  • Fourth Generation (1972-2010) – Microprocessors: Fourthly, computers were made with the combination of microprocessors and IC’s.
  • Fifth Generation (2010- Present) – Artificial Intelligence: Lastly, computers use Artificial Intelligence as a tool. For example, Siri on an iPhone or Cortana on Windows.
Generations of a computer
Image describes the generations of a computer

What are the basic Classifications of a Computer?

So, do you want to know how computers are classified on the basis of technology?

We can answer this by giving some examples:

  • Analog Computer – For example, Librascope
  • Digital Computer – For example, IBM PC
  • Hybrid Computer – For example, Hycomp 250
  • Super Computer – For example, Belle
  • Mainframe Computer – For example, IBM zSeries
  • Mini Computer – For example, HP 3000 Series
  • Micro or Personal Computer – For example, Video Game Consoles

So, now we will discuss some important terms which are required to be talked about.

Full Form of CPU

The CPU is one of the most important part of a computer.

Its full form is:

  • C – Central
  • P – Processing
  • U – Unit
Image showing a CPU chip

CPU is a hardware device that is used as a source to connect different devices. We actually place it within the motherboard so as to make make a connection. With the help of this connection, the CPU can handle the operations of devices connected with it.

It is basically the main source to communicate various operations that will happen. These operations are in the form of programming commands which a user puts in.

As it connects every device with itself hence, it can be termed as the brain of the computer.

Full Form of ALU

ALU is basically a part of the CPU that performs all the arithmetic and logical functions.

Its full form is:

  • A – Arithmetic
  • L – Logic
  • U – Unit
Image describing an ALU

In some systems, it is divided into 2 parts that are Arithmetic Unit and the Logic Unit.

Its main function is having a direct input an output access to various other devices. This direct access is possible because of a medium between them which is called a bus.

Full Form of Laptop

A Laptop or a Laptop computer is a device which is portable and easy to use.

Its full form is:

  • L – Lightweight
  • A – Analytical
  • P – Platform
  • T – with Total
  • O – Optimised
  • P – Power
Image showing a Laptop

We can use laptops as a portable device like a tablet as it can be folded as easily carried.

Full Form of Mouse

A mouse is simply an input device that is required so as to control the navigation process on a computer.

Its full form is:

  • M – Manually
  • O – Operated
  • U – User
  • S – Selection
  • E – Equipment
Image showing a Mouse

A mouse takes in the manual input and based on that it shows its working on the screen.

Full Form of Keyboard

The keyboard is also an input device like a mouse that is used to input instructions through typing.

Full form of Keyboard is:

  • K – Keys
  • E – Electronic
  • Y – Yet
  • B – Board
  • O – Operating
  • A – A to Z
  • R – Response
  • D – Directly
Image showing a Keyboard

The input can be in the form of words, numbers, symbols, etc.

  • RAM – Random Access Memory
  • ROM – Read-Only Memory
  • OS – Operating System
  • HTTP – HyperText Transfer Protocol
  • HTTPS – HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure
  • VIRUS – Vital Information Resource Under Seize
  • IP – Internet Protocol
  • URL – Uniform Resource Locator
  • USB – Universal Serial Bus
  • HTML – HyperText Markup Language
  • UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply
  • CD – Compact Disc
  • DVD – Digital Versatile Disc
  • WWW – World Wide Web
  • .com – Commercial
  • .net – Network
  • .org – Organisation
  • .gov – Governmental
  • .edu – Educational
  • .info – Informational
  • XML – Extensible Markup Language
  • CSS – Cascading Style Sheets
  • ASP – Active Server Pages
  • SQL – Structured Query Language
  • LAN – Local Area Network
  • WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network
  • WAN – Wide Area Network
  • MAN – Metropolitan Area Network
  • PAN – Personal Area Network
  • Wi-Fi – Wireless Fidelity
  • PC – Personal Computer
  • LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
  • LED – Light Emitting Diode
  • NTFS – New Technology File System
  • DOC – Document
  • TXT – Text
  • MS – Microsoft
  • MMC – Multimedia Card
  • DB – Database
  • IC – Integrated Circuit
  • SYS – System
  • CONFIG – Configuration
  • CTRL – Control
  • ALT – Alternate
  • ESC – Escape
  • DEL – Delete
  • NUM LOCK – Number Lock
  • FN – Function
  • Prnt Scrn – Print Screen
  • SysRq – System Request
  • ScrLk – Scroll Lock
  • PgUp – Page Up
  • PgDn – Page Down
  • Ins – Insert
  • WinXP – Windows XP
  • WIN7 – Windows 7
  • SP – Service Pack
  • CMD – Command
  • TEMP – Temporary
  • WMP – Windows Media Player
  • AVI – Audio Video Interleave
  • REGEDIT – Registry Editor
  • PRO – Professional
  • GPEDIT – Group Policy Editor
  • OSK – On-Screen Keyboard
  • NET – Internet
  • IP – Internet Protocol
  • AP – Access Point
  • DNS – Domain Name System
  • PHP – Hypertext Preprocessor
  • XML – Extensible Markup Language
  • CSS – Cascading Style Sheets
  • SMS – Short Message Service
  • MMS – Multimedia Messaging Service
  • KB – Kilobyte
  • MB – MegaByte
  • GB – GigaByte
  • TB – TeraByte


In conclusion, after reading all this we can understand what is the full form of computer and other computer-related full forms. Firstly, we talked about what is a computer. Secondly, we discussed what is the full form of a computer. Thirdly, we had a discussion on the components of a computer. Fourthly, we briefly discussed the generations of the computer. Lastly, we discussed the basic classification of a computer and computer-related full forms. Hence, we can say that we learned some known terms which were never looked upon like this. I enjoyed a lot discussing everything and hope you guys also enjoyed every bit of it.

So, this was all for this article and if you enjoyed the article then please do visit our other articles.

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