We are living in a digital world where we share our views and opinions with others through technology. Through this article, we will be discussing what is technology and how it evolved.
So let’s start the discussion with what is technology?
Definition Of Technology
Technology is basically a mixture of various skills that are used to produce a product that solves people’s problems.
Technology is a science through which it can be embedded in various products to make them work independently.
Products that are built-in with technology that takes input and produces an output are called technological products.
The basic form of technology is the development and use of various products.
Technology can be defined as entities that can be a product or a service in order to gain value. Here it refers to products or services used to solve people’s problems.
Examples of technological products are computer, software, mobiles etc.
Examples of technological services are software development, information security, mobile services, etc.
After all, let’s discuss the difference between Science, Engineering, and Technology together. This will tell us what is technology and how it evolved.
Science, Engineering, And Technology
Science is a knowledge of the physical or material world that is gained through various experiments. Technologies are not always a product of science, because they satisfy requirements such as utility, usability, and safety.
Engineering is a small branch of science and technology concerned with its respective fields. Some basic engineering fields are Computer Science, Aeronautical, etc.
Technology is basically a byproduct of science and engineering, yet technology beats them both. For example, in science we do experiments but they are only possible with technological instruments.
Now let’s discuss how technology evolved.
Timeline of Technology
This will give a brief to us that what is technology and how it evolved.
3.5 Million years ago: Humans made the first tool from stone, wood, and bones
2 Million years ago: Humans discover fire
1000 BCE: First Boats made
6000-7000 BCE: Handmade bricks for construction in Middle East
4000 BCE: Iron for making ornaments
3500 BCE: Glass introduction
3500 BCE: Wheel introduction
2500 BCE: Introduction to crude version of paper
2000 BCE: Copper alloy metals introduced
1700 BCE: Semites of Mediterranean develop the alphabet
1000 BCE: Iron and Steel widely used for making weapons
600 BCE: Static electricity discovery
500 BCE: Hot air balloons
400 BCE: China experiments to fly kites
250 BCE: Chinese invent compasses
150 BCE: Clockwork Machines introduction
50 BCE: Turbines by romans
62 CE: Steam engines by Greek scientist Alexandria
105 CE: Ts’ai Lun made first paper in China
200 CE: Romans develop first basic concrete called pozzolana
600 CE: Wind Turbines invented in middle east
700 CE: Chinese invent gunpowder
1000 CE: Chinese invent glasses by fixing lenses to frames
1206 CE: Toilets by Arabic engineer al-Jazaari
1232 CE: Space rockets made by chinese
1450: Printing press by Johannes Getenberg
1470: First parachute sketched on paper
1530: Gerardus Mercator introduced navigation
1590: Dutch spectacle maker Zacharias Janssen made the first compound microscope
1596: John Harington described modern flush toilets
1600: Galileo designs basic thermometer
1600: William Gilbert introduced a study on Earth’s scientific magnetism
1609: Galileo builds first space telescope
1643: Mercury barometer made for measuring air pressure
1650: Criststiaan Huygens develops the pendulum clock
1687: Sir Issac Newton formulated three law of motion
1700: Bartolomeo Cristofori invents piano
1701: Farmer Jethro Tull invented horse drawn seed drill
1703: Binary number system introduced by Gottfried Leibniz
1712: Thomas Newcomen built first practical steam engine
1737: William Champion extracted zinc
1757: John Campbell invented Sextant
1780: Josiah Wedgwood invented Pyrometer
1783: French brothers Joseph and Jacques made first practical air baloon
1791: Reverend discovers menachite, later called titanium
1800: Italian Alessandro Volta made the first battery
1803: Henry and Sealy developed papermaking machine
1806: Humphry Davy developed electrolysis
1806: William Congreve developed long range military rockets
1807: Humphry Davy developed electric arc lamp
1814: George Stephenson builds the first practical steam locomotive
1816: Robert Stirling invents the efficient Stirling engine
1820: Michael Faraday builds primitive electric generators and motors
1827: Joseph Niepce makes the first modern photograph
1830: William Sturgeon develops the first practical electric motor
1839: Charles Goodyear finally perfects a durable form of rubber
1840: Scotsman Alexander Bain invents a primitive fax machine based on chemical technology
1850: Italian Giovanni Caselli develops a mechanical fax machine called the pantelegraph
1860: James Clerk Maxwell figures out that radio waves must exist
1860: Fire extinguishers invention
1876: Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone
1877: Thomas Edison develops the phonograph
1877: Edward Very invents the flare gun
1880s: Thomas Edison patents the modern incandescent electric lamp
1880: Pierre and Paul-Jacques Curie discover the piezoelectric effect
1880: Thomas Edison opens the world’s first power plants
1886: Josephine Cochran invents the dishwasher
1888: Friedrich Reinitzer discovers liquid crystals
1890: German engineer Rudolf Diesel develops his diesel engine
1895: German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen discovers X rays
1895: American Ogden Bolton, Jr. invents the electric bicycle
1898: Nikola Tesla invents remote
1901: The first electric vacuum cleaner
1903: Brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright build the first engine-powered airplane
1905: Albert Einstein explains the photoelectric effect
1905: Samuel J. Bens invents the chainsaw
1906: Willis Carrier pioneers the air conditioner
1906: Mikhail Tswett discovers chromatography
1907: Alva Fisher invents the electric clothes washer
1908: Frederick Gardner Cottrell develops the electrostatic smoke precipitator
1908: American industrialist and engineer Henry Ford launches the Ford Model T
1909: German chemists Fritz and Zygmunt develop the glass electrode
1912: Hans Geiger develops the Geiger counter
1919: Francis Aston pioneers the mass spectrometer
1920: John Logie Baird develops mechanical television
1920: Philo T. Farnsworth invents modern electronic television.
1920: German engineer Gustav and American Paul independently develop OCR scanning systems
1920: Albert W. Hull invents the magnetron
1921: Karel Capek and his brother coin the word “robot”
1921: John Larson develops the polygraph (“lie detector”) machine
1928: Thomas Midgley, Jr. invents coolant chemicals for air conditioners and refrigerators
1930s: Frank of England and Hans of Germany develop rival jet engines
1930s: Peter Goldmark pioneers color television
1930: Wallace Carothers develops neoprene
1930: Arnold Beckman develops the electronic pH meter
1931: Harold E. Edgerton invents the xenon flash lamp
1936: W.B. Elwood invents the magnetic reed switch
1938: Chester Carlson invents the principle of photocopying
1939: Igor Sikorsky builds the first truly practical helicopter
1949: Bernard Silver and N. Joseph Woodland patent barcodes
1950: Percy Spencer accidentally discovers how to cook with microwaves
1960: Joseph-Armand Bombardier perfects his Ski-Doo® snowmobile
1962: Nick Holonyak invents the LED
1968: Alfred Y. Cho and John R. Arthur, Jr invent MBE
1969: Astronauts walk on the Moon
1973: Martin Cooper develops the first handheld cellphone
1975: Whitfield Diffie and Martin Hellman invent public-key cryptography
1989: Tim Berners-Lee invents the World Wide Web
1995: Broadcast.com becomes one of the world’s first online radio stations
1995: Pierre Omidyar launches the eBay auction website
2000,2001: Apple revolutionizes music listening by unveiling its iPod MP3 music player
2001: Wikipedia online encyclopedia is founded by Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales
2001: Bram Cohen develops BitTorrent file-sharing
2002: iRobot Corporation releases the first version of its Roomba® vacuum cleaning robot
2007: Amazon.com launches its Kindle electronic book (e-book) reader
2007: Apple introduces a touchscreen cellphone called the iPhone
2010: Apple releases its touchscreen tablet computer, the iPad
2019: Google claims to have achieved “quantum supremacy”
There is no end to what is technology and how it evolved. Future is all dependent on technology and its changes.
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